Acropolis, one of the greatest world heritage sites, is prominent above Athens. It features the magnificent Parthenon, the Propylea, the Temple of Athena Nike and the Erechtheion, built in the 5th century BC. The New Acropolis Museum is located close to the archeological area.
InAthens, the cradle of democracy, Pnyx was where Athenian citizens used to gather in order to discuss major political issues. Today this is also the spot of the Sound and Light show every evening from April to October.
South of the Acropolis you can visit the ancient Theater of Dionysos, dated to the 6th century BC, where the ancient tragedy and comedy works were performed for the first time ever. West of the theater, the Odeon of Herodes Atticus (Herodeion), built in the 2ndcentury AC during the Roman era, hosts excellent performances of theater, music and dance.
The Ancient Agora on the foot of the Acropolis was the marketplace of ancient times and features the Temple of Hephaestus (Thissio), the best-preserved temple of the 5th century BC. Next to it the Roman Agora features a famous clock tower, known as the Tower of the Winds.
Hadrian's Arch, at the junction of Olgas and Amalias avenues, is a monument of Roman times, built in the 2nd century AD. Past the arch, lay the ruins of the Temple of Olympian Zeus, the largest temple of ancient Greece, the construction of which started in the 6th century BC but was finished some centuries later.
Beneath the Acropolis you can stroll along the narrow streets of "Plaka", the picturesque Old Town of Athens, with Byzantine churches, museums and various monuments. The Lysicrates Monumentstands on a small square in Plaka and was built in the 4th century BC.
Built on the remains of an ancient stadium from the 4th century BC, the Panathenaikon Stadium is covered with white marble. It hosted the first contemporary Olympic Games in 1896.
Ceramikos, the cemetery of ancient Athens, features many beautifully decorated tombstones. The walls were constructed under Themistocles in 478 BC, as well as the Dipylon Gate and the Sacred Gate. There is also a museum there.
The majestic Zappeion Hall was built in 1888 and is surrounded by a lovely park. Today it often hosts various exhibitions and events.
The Greek Parliament, former RoyalPalace, built in 1840, overlooks Syntagma Square. The Old Parliament at Stadiou Street is one of the best examples of neo-classical architecture. It was used as the seat of Parliament from 1875 to 1932.
The Anglican church of St. Paul,of neo-gothic architectural style, was built in 1842 on Philellinon streetnear Syntagma Square.
The National Archaeological Museum is one of the world's greatest museums with a unique collection of ancient Greek art.
Within easy reach from the city center, the Kessariani Monastery is built within the forest of Mt. Ymittos. This 11th-century monastery was built on the ruins of a 6th-century church and features precious wall paintings, excellent examples of Byzantine art.
The impressive Temple of Poseidon at Cape Sounion dates to the 5th century BC. It is built on a cliff top at the southern tip of the AtticaPeninsula, offering a spectacular view over the Aegean Sea.